Lesson 7 : Controlling Program Flow


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In previous lessons, we have learned how to create Visual Basic code that can accept input from the user and display the output without controlling the program flow. In this chapter, you will learn how to crreate VB code that can make decision when it process input from the user, and control the program flow in the process. Decision making process is an important part of programming because it can help to solve practical problems intelligently so that it can provide useful output or feedback to the user. For example, we can write a  program that can ask the computer to perform certain task until a certain condition is met.

7.1  Conditional Operators

To control the VB program flow, we can use various conditional operators. Basically, they resemble mathematical  operators. Conditional operators are very powerful tools, they let the VB program compare data values and then decide what action to take, whether to execute a program or terminate the program and more. These operators are shown in Table 7.1.

7.2  Logical Operators

In addition to conditional operators, there are a few logical operators that offer added power to the VB programs. They are shown in Table 7.2.

Table 7.1: Conditional Operators

Operator
Meaning

=

Equal to

>

More than

<

Less Than

>=

More than or equal

<=

Less than or equal

<>

Not Equal to

 

Table 7.2:Logical Operators

Operator
Meaning

And

Both sides must be true

or

One side or other must be true

Xor

One side or other must be true but not both

Not

Negates truth

* You can also compare strings with the above operators. However, there are certain rules to follows: Upper case letters are less than lowercase letters, "A"<"B"<"C"<"D".......<"Z" and number are less than letters.

7.3  Using  If.....Then.....Else  Statements  with Operators

To effectively control the VB program flow, we shall use If...Then...Else statement together with the conditional operators and logical operators.
The general format for the if...then...else statement is

If  conditions Then

VB expressions

Else

VB expressions

End If

* any If..Then..Else statement must end with End If. Sometime it is not necessary to use Else.

Example:

  Private Sub OK_Click()

    firstnum=Val(usernum1.Text)

    secondnum=Val(usernum2.Text)

    If total=firstnum+secondnum And Val(sum.Text)<>0 Then

    correct.Visible = True

   wrong.Visible = False


    correct.Visible = False

    wrong.Visible = True

  End If

  End Sub;

 

 

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