In this lesson, we shall enhance the interface by adding controls to the form. Controls are objects that consist of three elements, namely properties, methods and events.They can be added to the form from the Toolbox.
3.1 The Toolbox
The Toolbox is usually is hidden when you start Visual Basic 2017, you can click View on the menu bar and then select Toolbox to reveal the tool box. You can also use shortcut keys Ctrl+Alt+x to bring out the toolbox. You can drag and dock the Toolbox around the IDE. It is docked at the right as shown in Figure 3.1.
Figure 3.1: Visual Basic 2015 IDE Toolbox
You can change the position of the tool box by dragging it to anywhere you like while its status is set to float. You can also dock the tool box by right-clicking on the tool box and choose dock from the pop-up menu . The docked tool box that appears as tabbed document with the default form is as shown in Figure 3.2.
Further, you may also pin the tool box to the side bar or the bottom bar by clicking on the pin icon on the menu bar of the tool box.
How and where you want to position your tool box in Visual Basic 2017 IDE is entirely up to you but I strongly suggest that you place the tool box along side or at the bottom of the default form so that it is easy for you to add controls from the tool box into the form. You should never cover the form with the tool box because it will be difficult to add controls to the form.
3.2 Adding Controls to the Form and Changing Their Properties
To demonstrate how to add controls and then change their properties, we shall design a picture viewer. First, change the title of the default form to Picture Viewer in its properties window. Next, insert a picture box on the form and change its background color to white. To do this, right click the picture box and select properties in the popup menu, then look for the BackColor Property in the properties window. Next , add two buttons to the form and change the text to View and Close in their respective properties windows. Now, we have designed a basic picture viewer using Visual Basic 2017. We shall add more features later.
The picture viewer is not functional until we write code to response to events triggered by user. We will deal with the programming part in the coming lessons.
The design interface is as shown in Figure 3.3