Visual Basic 2010 Lesson 23 – The DrawEllipse Method

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In this lesson, we will learn how to draw ellipse and circle using the DrawEllipse method.

23.1 Drawing Ellipse with the DrawEllipse Method

The basic structure of most shapes is a rectangle, ellipse is no exception. Ellipse is an oval shape that is bounded by a rectangle, as shown below:

Therefore, we need to create a Rectangle object before we can draw an ellipse. This rectangle serves as a bounding rectangle for the ellipse. We still need to use the DrawEllipse method to complete the job. On the other hand, we can also draw an ellipse with the DrawEllipse method without first creating a rectangle. We shall illustrates both ways.




In the first method, let’s say you have created a rectangle object known as myRectangle and a pen object as myPen, then you can draw an ellipse using the following statement:

myGraphics.DrawEllipse(myPen, myRectangle)

* Assume you have also already created the Graphics object myGraphics.

The following is an example of the full code:

Example 23.1(a)

Dim myPen As Pen

myPen = New Pen(Drawing.Color.Blue, 5)

Dim myGraphics As Graphics = Me.CreateGraphics

Dim myRectangle As New Rectangle

myRectangle.X = 10

myRectangle.Y = 10

myRectangle.Width = 200

myRectangle.Height = 100

myGraphics.DrawEllipse(myPen, myRectangle)

The output image is shown in the following diagram:




The second method is using the DrawEllipse method without creating a rectangle object. Offcourse you still have to create the Graphics and the Pen objects. The syntax is:

myGraphics.DrawEllipse(myPen, X,Y,Width, Height)

Where (X,Y) are the coordinates of the upper left corner of the bounding rectangle, width is the width of the ellipse and height is the height of the ellipse.

The following is an example of the full code:

Example 23.1(b)

Dim myPen As Pen

myPen = New Pen(Drawing.Color.Blue, 5)

Dim myGraphics As Graphics = Me.CreateGraphics

myGraphics.DrawEllipse(myPen, 10, 10, 200, 100)

23.2 Drawing a Circle

After you have learned how to draw an ellipse, drawing a circle becomes very simple. We use exactly the same methods used in the preceding section but modify the width and height so that they are of the same values.

The following examples draw the same circle.

Example 23.2(a)

Dim myPen As Pen

myPen = New Pen(Drawing.Color.Blue, 5)

Dim myGraphics As Graphics = Me.CreateGraphics

Dim myRectangle As New Rectangle

myRectangle.X = 10

myRectangle.Y = 10

myRectangle.Width = 100

myRectangle.Height = 100

myGraphics.DrawEllipse(myPen, myRectangle)

Example 23.2(b)

Dim myPen As Pen

myPen = New Pen(Drawing.Color.Blue, 5)

Dim myGraphics As Graphics = Me.CreateGraphics

myGraphics.DrawEllipse(myPen, 10, 10, 100, 100)

The output image is show below:


Visual Basic 2010

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