Lesson 16: Arrays



16.1 Introduction to Arrays

By definition, an array is a list of variables, all with the same data type and name. When we work with a single item, we only need to use one variable. However, if we have a list of items which are of similar type to deal with, we need to declare an array of variables instead of using a variable for each item. For example, if we need to enter one hundred names, we might have difficulty in declaring 100 different names, this is a waste of time and efforts. So,  instead of declaring one hundred different variables, we need to declare only one array.  We differentiate each item in the array by using subscript, the index value of each item, for example name(1), name(2),name(3) .......etc. , which will make declaring variables streamline and much systematic.

16.2 Dimension of an Array

An array can be one dimensional or multidimensional. One dimensional array is like a list of items or a table that consists of one row of items or one column of items. A twodimensional array will be a table of items that make up of rows and columns. While the format for a one dimensional array is ArrayName(x), the format for a two dimensional array is ArrayName(x,y) while a three dimensional array is ArrayName(x,y,z) . Normally it is sufficient to use one dimensional and two dimensional array ,you only need to use higher dimensional arrays if you need with engineering problems or even some accounting problems.Let me illustrates the the arrays with tables.

Table 16.1. One dimensional Array

Student Name Name(1) Name(2) Name(3) Name(4) Name(5) Name(6)

Table 16.2 Two Dimensional Array

Name(1,1) Name(1,2) Name(1,3) Name(1,4)
Name(2,1) Name(2,2) Name(2,3) Name(2,4)
Name(3,1) Name(3,2) Name(3,3) Name(3,4)


16.2 Declaring Arrays

We could use Public or Dim statement to declare an array just as the way we declare a single variable. The Public statement declares an array that can be used throughout an application while the Dim statement declare an array that could be used only in a local procedure.

The general format to declare a one dimensional array is as follow:

Dim arrayName(subs) as dataType

where subs indicates the last subscript in the array.

Example 16.1

Dim CusName(10) as String

will declare an array that consists of 10 elements if the statement Option Base 1 appear in the declaration area, starting from CusName(1) to CusName(10). Otherwise, there will be 11 elements in the array starting from CusName(0) through to CusName(10)

CusName(1) CusName(2) CusName(3) CusName(4) CusName(5) CusName(6) CusName(7) CusName(8) CusName(9) CusName(10)

Example 16.2

Dim Count(100 to 500) as Integer


declares an array that consists of the first element starting from Count(100) and ends at Count(500)

The general format to declare a two dimensional array is as follow:


Dim ArrayName(Sub1,Sub2) as dataType


Example 16.3


Dim StudentName(10,10) will declare a 10x10 table make up of 100 students' Names, starting with StudentName(1,1)  and end with StudentName(10,10).


16.3 Sample Programs

(i) The code

Dim studentName(10) As String
Dim num As Integer

Private Sub addName()
For num = 1 To 10
studentName(num) = InputBox("Enter the student name", "Enter Name", "", 1500, 4500)
If studentName(num) <> "" Then
Form1.Print studentName(num)
End If

End Sub

The above program accepts data entry through an input box and displays the entries in the form itself. As you can see, this program will only allows a user to enter 10 names each time he click on the start button.


The Code

Dim studentName(10) As String
Dim num As Integer

Private Sub addName( )
For num = 1 To 10
studentName(num) = InputBox("Enter the student name")
List1.AddItem studentName(num)
End Sub
Private Sub Start_Click()

End Sub

The above program accepts data entries through an InputBox and displays the items in a list box.


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