Lesson 16: Arrays

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16.1 Introduction to Arrays

By definition, an array is a list of variables with the same data type and name. When we work with a single item, we only need to use one variable. However, if we have a list of items which are of similar type to deal with, we need to declare an array of variables instead of using a variable for each item

For example, if we need to enter one hundred names, it is difficulty to declare 100 different names, this is a waste of time and efforts. So,  instead of declaring one hundred different variables, we need to declare only one array.  We differentiate each item in the array by using subscript, the index value of each item, for example name(1), name(2),name(3) .......etc. , makes declaring variables more streamline.

16.2 Dimension of an Array

An array can be one dimensional or multidimensional. One dimensional array is like a list of items or a table that consists of one row of items or one column of items.

A two dimensional array is a table of items that make up of rows and columns. The format for a one dimensional array is ArrayName(x), the format for a two dimensional array is ArrayName(x,y) and a three dimensional array is ArrayName(x,y,z) . Normally it is sufficient to use one dimensional and two dimensional array ,you only need to use higher dimensional arrays if you need to deal with more complex problems. Let me illustrate the the arrays with tables.

Table 16.1. One dimensional Array

Student Name Name(1) Name(2) Name(3) Name(4)

Table 16.2 Two Dimensional Array

Name(1,1) Name(1,2) Name(1,3) Name(1,4)
Name(2,1) Name(2,2) Name(2,3) Name(2,4)
Name(3,1) Name(3,2) Name(3,3) Name(3,4)

16.2 Declaring Arrays

We can use Public or Dim statement to declare an array just as the way we declare a single variable. The Public statement declares an array that can be used throughout an application while the Dim statement declare an array that could be used only in a local procedure.

The general format to declare a one dimensional array is as follow:

Dim arrayName(subs) as dataType

where subs indicates the last subscript in the array.

Example 16.1

Dim CusName(10) as String

will declare an array that consists of 10 elements if the statement Option Base 1 appear in the declaration area, starting from CusName(1) to CusName(10). Otherwise, there will be 11 elements in the array starting from CusName(0) through to CusName(10)

CusName(1) CusName(2) CusName(3) CusName(4) CusName(5)
CusName(6) CusName(7) CusName(8) CusName(9) CusName(10)

Example 16.2

Dim Count(100 to 500) as Integer

declares an array that consists of the first element starting from Count(100) and ends at Count(500)

The general format to declare a two dimensional array is as follow:

Dim ArrayName(Sub1,Sub2) as dataType

Example 16.3

Dim StudentName(10,10) will declare a 10x10 table make up of 100 students' Names, starting with StudentName(1,1)  and end with StudentName(10,10).

Example 16.3

Dim studentName(10) As String
Dim num As Integer

Private Sub addName()
For num = 1 To 10
studentName(num) = InputBox("Enter the student name", "Enter Name", "", 1500, 4500)
If studentName(num) <> "" Then
Form1.Print studentName(num)
End If

End Sub

**The program accepts data entry through an input box and displays the entries in the form itself.

Example 16.4

Dim studentName(10) As String
Dim num As Integer

Private Sub addName( )
For num = 1 To 10
studentName(num) = InputBox("Enter the student name")
List1.AddItem studentName(num)
End Sub
Private Sub Start_Click()

End Sub

**The program accepts data entries through an InputBox and displays the items in a list box.

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