In this lesson, we shall learn how to write code for the radio button. Though closely related to the checkbox control, the radio buttons operate differently from the checkboxes. The difference is checkboxes work independently and allow the user to select one or more items, radio buttons only allow the user to select one item out of a number of choices. It means radio buttons are mutually exclusive. Examples of the usage of radio buttons are survey questions related to gender, age, income and more of an individual.
In this example, the user can only choose one T-shirt color. To design the interface, add three radio buttons and name them as RadioRed, RadioGreen, and RadioYellow respectively. Besides that, add a button to confirm the chosen color and a label control to display the chosen color. Name the button as BtnConfirm and the label as LblDisplay. We use the If...Then...Else statements to write the code. The state of the radio button is indicated by its checked property.
Private Sub BtnConfirm_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) Handles BtnConfirm.Click Dim Tcolor As String If RadioRed.Checked Then Tcolor = "Red Color" LblDisplay.ForeColor = Color.Red ElseIf RadioGreen.Checked Then Tcolor = "Green Color" LblDisplay.ForeColor = Color.Green Else Tcolor = "Yellow Color" LblDisplay.ForeColor = Color.Yellow End If LblDisplay.Text = Tcolor End Sub
Although the user may only select one item at a time, he may make more than one selection if those items belong to different categories. For example, the user wishes to choose the T-shirt size and color, he needs to select one color and one size, which means one selection in each category. In this case, we need to group the radio buttons together according to the categories. This is easily achieved in Visual Basic 2019 using the Groupbox control under the containers categories.
In the Visual Basic 2019 IDE, after inserting the Groupbox from the tool box into the form, you can proceed to insert the radio buttons into the Groupbox. Only the radio buttons inside the Groupbox are mutually exclusive, they are not mutually exclusive with the radio buttons outside the Groupbox. In this example, the user can select one color and one size of the T-shirt. To design the interface, insert two group boxes. In the first group box, add four radio buttons and name them as RadioXL, RadioL, RadioM and Radio S respectively. In the second group box, add three radio buttons and name them RadioRed, RadioBlue and RadioBeige respectively. Besides that, insert two label control to display the chosen size and color, name them LblSize and LblColor respectively. Finally, add a button and name it as BtnConfirm. In the code, we shall declare two variables, TSize to indicate the T-shirt size and TColor to indicate the T-shirt color.
Private Sub BtnConfirm_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) Handles BtnConfirm.Click Dim TSize, TColor As String If RadioXL.Checked Then TSize = "XL" ElseIf RadioL.Checked Then TSize = "L" ElseIf RadioM.Checked Then TSize = "M" Else : TSize = "S" End If If RadioRed.Checked Then TColor = "Red" ElseIf RadioBlue.Checked Then TColor = "Blue" Else : TColor = "Beige" End If LblSize.Text = TSize Lblcolor.Text = TColor End Sub