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Lesson 10 : Built-in Functions

In programming, a function is comparable to a procedure, but it serves a distinct purpose. While both accept input and perform specific actions, the primary objective of a function is to receive user input, process it, and return a value that is subsequently utilized by the main program to complete its execution. In VB6, there exist two categories of functions: built-in functions, also known as internal functions, and user-defined functions crafted by programmers.

In this lesson, you will learn two very basic but useful internal functions of Visual basic , i.e.  the MsgBox( ) and InputBox ( ) functions. We shall learn about other built-in functions in coming lessons.

10.1 MsgBox ( ) Function

The objective of MsgBox is to produce a pop-up message box that prompt the user to click on a command button before he /she can continues. The format is as follows:

yourMsg=MsgBox(Prompt,Style Value, Title) 

The first argument, Prompt, will display the message in the message box. The Style Value  will determine what type of command buttons appear on the message box, please refer Table 10.1 for types of command button displayed. The Title argument will display the title of the message board.

Table 10.1: Style Values

Style Value Named Constant Buttons Displayed
0 vbOkOnly Ok button
1 vbOkCancel Ok and Cancel buttons
2 vbAbortRetryIgnore Abort, Retry and Ignore buttons.
3 vbYesNoCancel Yes, No and Cancel buttons
4 vbYesNo Yes and No buttons
5 vbRetryCancel Retry and Cancel buttons

We can use named constant in place of integers for the second argument to make the programs more readable. In fact, VB6 will automatically shows up a list of names constant where you can select one of them.


 yourMsg=MsgBox( "Click OK to Proceed", 1, "Startup Menu")


yourMsg=Msg("Click OK to Proceed". vbOkCancel,"Startup Menu") 

are the same.

yourMsg is a variable that holds values that are returned by the MsgBox ( ) function. The values are determined by the type of buttons being clicked by the users. It has to be declared as Integer data type in the procedure or in the general declaration section.Table 10.2 shows the values, the corresponding named constant and buttons.

Table 10.2 : Return Values and Command Buttons
Value Named Constant Button Clicked
1 vbOk Ok button
2 vbCancel> Cancel button
3 vbAbort Abort button
4 vbRetry Retry button
5 vbIgnore Ignore button
6 vbYes Yes button
7 vbNo No button

Example 10.1

i. The Interface:

You draw three command buttons and a label as shown in Figure 10.1

Figure 10.1

The procedure for the test button:

Private Sub Test_Click()
Dim testmsg As Integer 
testmsg = MsgBox("Click to test", 1, "Test message") 
If testmsg = 1 Then
 Display.Caption = "Testing Successful"
 Display.Caption = "Testing fail"
End If
End Sub

When the user click on the test button, the image like the one shown in Figure 10.2 will appear. As the user click on the OK button, the message "Testing successful" will be displayed and when he/she clicks on the Cancel button, the message "Testing fail" will be displayed.

Figure 10.2

To make the message box looks more sophisticated, you can add an icon besides the message. There are four types of icons available in VB as shown in Table 10.3

Table 10.3

Value Named Constant Icon
16 vbCritical
3 vbQuestion
48 vbExclamation
64 vbInformation

Example 10.2

You draw the same Interface as in example 10.1 but modify the codes as follows:

Private Sub test2_Click()  
Dim testMsg2 As 
Integer testMsg2 = MsgBox("Click to Test", vbYesNoCancel + vbExclamation, "TestMessage")
If testMsg2 = 6 Then 
 display2.Caption ="Testing successful"
ElseIf testMsg2 = 7 Then 
 display2.Caption = "Are you sure?"
Else display2.Caption ="Testing fail"
End If
End Sub 

In this example, the following message box will be displayed:

Figure 10.3

10.2 The InputBox( ) Function

An InputBox( ) function will display a message box where the user can enter a value or a message in the form of text. The format is

myMessage=InputBox(Prompt, Title, default_text, x-position, y-position)

myMessage is a variant data type but typically it is declared as string, which accept the message input by the users. The arguments are explained as follows:

Example 10.3

i.The Interface

Figure 10.4

ii. The procedure for the OK button

Private Sub OK_Click() 
Dim userMsg As String
userMsg = InputBox("What is your message?", "Message Entry Form", "Enter your messge here", 500, 700)
If userMsg <>"" Then 
 message.Caption = userMsg
 message.Caption = "No Message"
End If 
End Sub

When the user clicks the OK button, the input box as shown in Figure 10.5 will appear. Upon entering the message and click OK, the message will be displayed on the caption, if the Cancel button is clicked, "No message" will be displayed.

Figure 10.5

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